Access Email
American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style
American Psychological Association Citation Style

APA citation style for books with an author(s)

A single author:

Lugalla, J.B. (2003). Poverty, AIDS, and street children in East Africa. Lewiston, NY: Mellen Press.

Two or more authors, but less than six:

Davies, M.M., & Lloyd, D. (2003). Baby language. London: Unwin Paperbacks.

More than six authors:

Howard, A.J., Fine, J., Howard, P.A., Curley, H.G., Moe, J.D., Larry, K., et al. (2005). Breaking the funny bone. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

APA citation style for books with an editor(s)

Brunton, L.B., Lazo, J.S., & Parker, K.L. (Eds.). (2005) Goodman & Gilman's the pharmacological basis of therapeutics. (11th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

APA citation style for books without an author/editor:

Physicians' desk reference. (58th ed.). (2004). Montvale, NJ: Thomson PDR.

APA citation style for a book chapter:

O'Brien, C. (2005) Drug addiction and drug abuse. In L.B. Brunton, J.S Lazo, & K.L. Parker (Eds.), Goodman & Gilman's The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. (11th ed., pp.607-629). New York: McGraw-Hill.

STAT!Ref(as suggested by its publishers)

STAT!-Ref book chapter:

Falk, E. & Fuster, Y. (2007). Atherogenesis and its determinants. In Hurst's the Heart. Available from http://online.statref.com/document.aspx?.

UpToDate (as suggested by its publishers)

Cite the UpToDate topic review as a chapter in a book titled UpToDate, edited by T. W. Post, published by UpToDate in Waltham, MA. As a CD-ROM or online service, there are no page numbers to cite. Since UpToDate is released every four months, the publication year for any topic review should be the current year.

Bichet, D. G. (2014). Diagnosis of polyuria and diabetes insipidus. In T. Post (Ed.), UpToDate. Waltham, Mass.: UpToDate. Retrieved from www.uptodate.com

APA citation style for journal articles:

From print sources:

One author:
Spencer, J.H. (2005). Physician, heal thyself - but not on your own please. Medical Education, 89(5), 548-549.

Two or more authors, but less than six:

Salwachter, A.R., Freischlag, J.A., & Sawyer, R.G. (2005). The training needs and priorities of male and
    female surgeons and their trainees. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 201(1), 199-205.

More than six authors:

Fukushima, H.A., Cureoglu, S.P., Schachern, P.A., Bresnahan, M.M., Flynn, D.E., Maggio, L.A., et al. (2005). Cochlear changes in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 133(7), 100-106.

Internet articles based on a print source:

Thorpe, K.E., Florence, C.S., Howard, D.H., & Joski, P.N. (2005). The rising prevalence of treated disease effects in private health insurance spending [Electronic version]. Health Affairs, 5(9), 117-123. Published online June 27, 2005.

A journal article from a database:

Manning, L.A. (2006). When in doubt ask a librarian. Journal of Medical Librarianship, 43(11), 303-305. Retrieved February 9, 2006, from Medline database.

Cochrane Systematic Review:

Ramaratnam, S., & Sridharan, K. (2000). Yoga for epilepsy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2000(3), Article CD001524. Retrieved March 28, 2008 from PubMed.

(Note: when CD number is not given, leave out the "Article CDxxxxx" part of the citation).

APA citation style for Websites:

National Cancer Institute. Underlying mortality data provided by National Center for Health Statistics.(n.d).Retrieved September 20, 2005, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.

(Note: use n.d. when a publication date is not available)

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact a reference librarian or to consult the print version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.